Cockroaches are the most primitive insects on earth and are dated back to 320 million years back. There are more than 4500 species of roaches spread all over the globe with an amazing adaptability feature that helps them to survive even in extreme conditions. However, not all the different species of roaches can be found in all the states and countries around the world.
In this article, we are going to discuss some of the cockroach species found exclusively in Ohio. Each of these roaches is then described in detail to give you an outlook on the appearance and character of these roaches.
Different types of Roaches in Ohio
Ohio is home to many different kinds of pests due to their warm and humid conditions in summer and extreme cold in winter. The cockroaches, nowadays, are more adaptable than they were in ancient times. They are the common insects found in almost all varied climatic conditions all over the world.
Their nature of adaptability and tolerability helps them to survive and sustain in a world of changing nature as well as the environment. Ohio is home to four species of roaches that are considered as pests and they are found most commonly in the Northeast region of Ohio.
These four species of roachesfound in Ohio are Oriental cockroach, American cockroach, Brown-banded cockroach, and the German cockroach.
The Oriental cockroaches are also known as water bugs as they are rather closely enticed to the water than the land. They are the medium-sized cockroach that measures about an inch in length. These roaches have an infuriating and offensive smell to drive the people around the wild.
These roaches are glossy-black or reddish-brown and are responsible to pollute your house by spreading various serious diseases. They tend to enter your houses through sewage canals and drain pipes carrying thousands of harmful bacteria and diseases into your house.
They are tied closely to the cool, dark and dank places of the house and can survive the extreme winter conditions in Ohio. During the summers, they are enticed to the structures with a thick accumulation of leaves to wander around in the littering leaves. However, as the winter sets in, they shift their location from the leaf litters to the basements of the houses.
The American Roaches are quite large than the other roaches as a typical size of an adult roach is around two inches whereas the American roaches can grow as big as three inches. These cockroaches have a tan-colored outer body and are also known as the water bugs or the palmetto-bugs.
The American Roaches are typically native to Japan and are mostly found in places with high humidity. They can survive both indoor as well as outdoor but mostly they are found in shaded places like gutters or under leaf litters outdoors. The sewers, drain canals and duct banks provide the best breeding environment filled with all the utilities.
These roaches tend to enter your house through the drain pipes, conduit and duct-work carrying the most harmful bacteria in your house eventually spreading serious diseases. These scavengers tend to hide out in the dark spaces of your house like the pipes, cracks, and crevices in your floorboards, cabinets, and closets.
The American Roaches are sensitive to light thus come out in the dark to look for food, especially fermented foods. As they feed on these foods, they release the bacteria and other pathogens from their bodies on the food or space around contaminating the whole space. They also release the harmful pathogens through their fecal matter all spread around the house.
The Brown-banded roaches are the smallest among all other pests measuring about 10 to 14 mm long. These roaches received their name due to transverse bands of light-brown or tan on the wings of an adult cockroach and across on the body of young roaches or nymphs. These roaches can survive in the hot and humid climates of Ohio.
However, during the winters they tend to enter the homes for shelter to keep them warm through the infested furniture, food, grocery, and electronics. They feed on anything to everything from fermented foods, trash to cardboard boxes and loose tiles with adhesives. They can be found all over the house as they can tolerate even the drier conditions.
You can spot them high up on the ceilings, wall voids, cabinets, and furniture and hanging pictures. They can spread easily and rapidly into multiple structures in the house even the bedroom. They are quite difficult to spot and kill than other pests found in the country. If your house is once infested by these brown-banded roaches, it becomes awfully difficult to control them.
The German cockroaches are widely spread around the globe as they can easily adapt to almost all kinds of environments. These hitchhikers enter into your houses through the produce boxes, backpacks of children and luggage bags of people. They are typically fond of warm and humid climatic areas and are commonly found indoors like in bathrooms, kitchen, and hot water tanks.
These German roaches are also sensitive to light therefore they come out in search of food in the dark unless food is limited or the population is quite high. They habitually feed on almost everything and can survive even on crumbs and daily garbage. They are small in size that allows them to hide in the cracks and crevices of the house to avoid being spotted and killed.
Bugs that look like Cockroaches in Ohio
A lot of bugs in the environment are confused with the roaches due to their resemblance in appearance. Due to this confusion, people often use bug bombs to get rid of these lookalike bugs and are disappointed with the results. However, these bug bombs are quite unreliable products to trust to treat pest infestation in your house.
Some of the common bugs that are usually confused and mistaken for cockroaches are crickets, water bugs and some beetles like ground beetle and Asian long-horned beetles.
The crickets are often identified from their chirping sounds but are usually mistaken for cockroaches due to their visual appearance. The black to brown exoskeleton of the crickets resembles the exoskeleton of the cockroaches. The crickets are, however, smaller and faster than the roaches with an ability to hop around.
The fast nature of the crickets prevents us to examine the bug thoroughly and confuse it for a cockroach. Crickets tend to stay outdoors rather than indoors, therefore,they are not harmful to humans and their houses although, the chirping sound of the crickets at night can be quite annoying and disturbing.
The crickets can be distinguished from the roaches from their long hind legs that provide them the ability to hop around.
The ground beetles are often confused with the roaches due to their similarity in appearance. They have a deep red or brownish exoskeleton that has a close resemblance to the exoskeleton of the roaches. The wide wing also resembles the wings of the roaches. These features of the ground beetles make it relatively difficult to differentiate them from the roaches.
The only distinguishing feature of the ground beetles from the roaches is the hard front wings. Most of the cockroaches do not have wings even if they do the wings are quite soft and leathery unlike those of beetles.
The water bugs are large can often trick you into considering them as roaches at first sight. These bugs have an affinity to water and are mostly near or around the water sources. The exterior of the water bugs resembles the roaches but they also have distinctive features to help them differentiate.
The size of the water bugs is relatively larger than the roaches and their bite is pretty painful. The large pincers located in the front portion of the body easily distinguishes them from the cockroaches.
Asian Long-Horned Beetles
The Asian Long-horned beetles resemble the cockroaches because of their shape and size. They are also known as starry sky beetle. They have quite a few features that distinguish them from the roaches in many ways.The large shape and size of the beetle differentiate it from the roaches as they cannot exceed the length of 13 inches.
The cockroaches can even survive the nuclear radiations and are fairly more resistant to these radiations than humans are hence; they are never going to leave the planet anytime soon. They are quite resilient and stubborn thus quite difficult to scurry them away from your commercial or residential grounds.
However, there are now a lot of chemical as well as herbal methods to get rid of these filthy pests and even prevent them from entering your homes, apartments or business spaces.